Architecture

Courses

  • Fall 2014

    ADVANCED STUDIO

    These studios, three of which are required for graduation, are offered by individual instructors to students who have successfully completed the core curriculum. They are assigned by lottery on the first day of classes. Once assigned to an advanced studio, a student may not drop studio.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department, course not available via web registration
    Fee: Some advanced studio sections have a fee for course supplies or field trips. The fee is announced during the registration lottery held in the Department.

    ARCHITECTURAL PROJECTION

    This course introduces the beginning student to the origins, media, geometries and role(s) of projection drawing in the design and construction process. The student will learn systems of projection drawing from direct experience, and be challenged to work both from life and to life. Subjects such as transparency, figure/ground, sciagraphy, oblique projection, surface development, volumetric intersections, spatial manipulation and analytic operations will build on the basics of orthographic and conic projection. The course involves line and tone drawing, hand drafting, computer drawing(Autocad) and computer modeling(Rhino).
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department, course not available via web registration

    DP SEM: NAVIGATING THE CREATIVE PROCESS

    We begin work on your Degree Projects from the outset of the semester: navigating arbitrary beginnings; setting boundaries like nets; developing a whole language of grunts, smudges and haiku; gathering the unique and unrepeatable content, forces, and conditions of your project; hunting an emerging and fleeting idea; recognizing discoveries; projecting forward with the imagination; and distilling glyphs, diagrams and insight plans.
    This course satisfies the prerequisite requirement for Degree Project.

    ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN I

    The study of basic concepts of Human Environmental Comforts. Inherent within 'physio-environ' considerations are principles of temperature, humidity, heat transfer, air movement, and hydrostatics. These principles will be studied in terms of their abstract physics and mathematics, through empirical benchmarking and as the basis for a design proposal that includes considerations of larger scale strategies as well as assemblies. Emphasis will be placed on the principles behind the technology, the behavioral characteristics and the qualities of the systems' operation considered in making building design decisions.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department.
    Course not available via web registration.

    FOUNDATIONAL TOPICS IN DESIGN COMPUTATION

    In architectural practice, a working knowledge of design computation has gone from "nice to know" to "need to know". Many academic and professional institutions struggle to keep pace and piece together their computational skill sets in an ad-hoc manner, adopting fragmented sources developed in contexts unrelated to architectural design. Students in this seminar will learn about foundational computational concepts tailored specifically towards architectural design. Students will learn how to incorporate the new reality of digital practice through assignments that include the structure of code and algorithms for computational geometry. Discussion topics include aggregation and tiling, early stage design setting tools, agent-based form generation, surface decomposition, optimization, and tools for collaboration.
    Sophomore and above
    Elective, Open to non-majors

    INTEGRATED BUILDING SYSTEMS

    Conceived as the culmination of the technologies sequence of courses, this course allows students to choose amongst the three instructor's differing approaches to the problem of conceiving technology holistically, in relation to a set of architectural criteria. The conceptual and technical aspects of building systems are considered and emergent environmentally-conscious technologies are emphasized for research and application.
    Prerequisites: All required technologies courses
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department.
    Course not available via web registration.

    RETHINKING GREEN URBANISM

    As over half the world's population has come to live in cities, urbanization has moved to the center of the environmental debate. This course will provide an interdisciplinary engagement between Sociology and Architecture to reflect on the past, present and future of ecological urbanism. Co-taught by professors from Architecture and Liberal Arts, the seminar will interrogate the ways in which green urban design has been conceptualized to date. It will explore cutting edge contemporary debates around the future of the green urban project and ask students to think forward into the future.
    Also offered as HPSS S151. Register in the course for which credit is desired.
    Permission of Instructor Required
    Sophomore and above

    STEEL STRUCTURES

    This course reviews the role of metals in architecture, focusing on the fundamentals of steel analysis and design in architecture; and examines typical framing techniques and systems. Topics include construction issues, floor framing systems, column analysis and design, steel detailing and light gauge steel framing materials and systems. In addition the course introduces students to lateral force resistance systems in steel construction and exposes them to alternatives to steel such as aluminum and fiberglass. By the and of the course, students will be aware of the role of metals in architectural design and construction; design and detail simple steel structural systems; and proportion these systems to resist the moment and shear demands determined through structural analysis.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department, course not available via web registration

    STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

    The basic content will be statics and strength of materials. The first portion will deal with force vectors, trusses, cross-sectional properties, and shear/moment diagrams, followed by stresses, strains, material applications and the analysis procedures necessary to compute structural behaviors. While the class format is mostly lecture, there will be ample time for discussion, in addition to group projects and field trips. This class is foundational to all future structural design classes such as Wood Structures and Steel Structures. The student will develop an intuitive understanding of structural behavior by studying various structural systems qualitatively under various loading conditions. The analysis of statically determinate trusses and frames will reinforce the intuitive understanding. Structural forces will be understood by tracing the loads (dead, live, wind, and seismic) through a building. They will be able to convert these loads into internal material stresses (axial, shear bending) for the purposes of proportioning members quantitatively. The relevant material sectional properties (such as moment of inertia and radius of gyration) will be learned through hands on bending and buckling experiments and later backed by quantitative analysis. A math test will be given prior to the first class to determine which students are required to attend a supplemental lecture class instructed by the teaching assistant. This course is a pre-requisite for Steel Structures, Wood Structures, and Concrete Structures.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture Department; Course not available via web registration.

    THE MAKING OF DESIGN PRINCIPLES

    This course, the first in a two semester sequence, explores design principles specific to architecture. Two interrelated aspects of design are pursued: 1) the elements of composition and their formal, spatial, and tectonic manipulation and 2) meanings conveyed by formal choices and transformations.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department; Course not available via web registration

    URBAN DESIGN PRINCIPLES

    The Urban Design Principles core studio introduces students to the city as a designed environment, giving them the tools to work through impressions, analysis and design operations as ways to understand "man's greatest work of art". Students confront the design of housing as a way to order social relationships and shape the public realm and attack the problems of structure, construction, access and code compliance in the context of a complex large-scale architectural design.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department.
    Course not available via web registration.

    Wintersession 2015

    *WINTERSESSION OFF-CAMPUS

    Various off-campus travel classes are offered through the department of Architecture to nonmajors. See the current Wintersession Publication for this year's offerings.

    Section 01 Kyoto, Japan A COLLAGED READING of "The Water City"
    "Trained collagists require the act of collage making to be contemplative, they know that there is something within the soul that longs to come forward, so they engage in collage making to advance it. To express this longing all the printed ephemera, forming the mirror world of modern existence, is mustered for use. Thousands of pictures of things varying in scale and perspective are conscripted to trigger trains of thoughts, comprehensible or not. Pictures are snipped without care for their actual context, and splicing together of this unique selection of things can begin. Acts are turned against pictorial depictions, recognizable or not. Things are done to pictures that have always wanted to be done but, because of circumstances, they never took place. Then depending on the interest, skill, and dexterity, thoughts can be articulated. When the work is complete, a map of hunches exists and, due entirely to the act of making, the soul temporarily exorcised of what appeared to be coagulating within. Like all maps, collage can exist as a guide to what exists on the ground or it can prompt a new set of thoughts suggested by interconnections of terrain and cities. The activity of collage, like every visual activity, can profoundly alter the way things, places, and ideas are viewed." -(Ben Nicholson)

    Section 02 Paris, France Rural Architecture
    In a recent article titled "Architecture in the Country" Rem Koolhaas observes radical changes in the rural landscape which are equally as important but more volatile than changes happening within cities. He calls this new pattern of development "the intermediate - a well-manicured place where surface appearances bear almost no relation to what is actually happening on the land and in the buildings." Koolhaas attributes the transformation partially to the flight of the traditional farmer due to industrial and digital practices and also to the influx of urbanites who regularly visit to "sample" the aura of an authentic life. In addition, large-scale infrastructures have created zones of what biologist term "novel ecologies" where new combinations of flora and fauna co-exist. Koolhaas explains, "The countryside is now the frontline of transformation. A world formerly dictated by the seasons and the organization of agriculture is now a toxic mix of genetic experiment, science, industrial nostalgia, seasonal immigration, territorial buying sprees, massive subsidies, incidental inhabitation, tax incentives, investment, political turmoil. In other words, more volatile than the most accelerated city."

    Wintersession 2015 Estimated Travel Costs:
    Section 01 Kyoto, Japan $2,278.00
    Section 02 Paris France $2,058.00

    ARCHITECTONICS: DRAWING THE UNSEEN

    How do you draw what you have never see? Architects encounter this problem every day. The course will begin with a review of basic drafting techniques and will transition into multi-media exploration. Using established drafting techniques, students will be asked to generate drawings of buildings based on phenomenological themes. Drawings will move from abstract explorations of space into sited, programmed architectural works. Many architecture works only exist on paper. Many projects are never concretely realized. After a building is torn down, often only drawings remain. The history of un-built and demolisted architecture will be studied in tandem with drawing techniques. The existence of visionary architecture as a genre and the distinction between unbuilt and visionary designs will be studied as a compliment to learning about drafting techniques and a way to situate the projects. The motivations behind this work will be considered. At the conclusion of this course students will have 6 drawings suitable for inclusion in an architectural portfolio.
    Estimated Materials Cost: $150.00

    ARCHITECTURAL DRAWING: TECHNIQUES FOR MANUAL REPRESENTATION

    This course focuses on the tools used by the architect, specifically those related to representation. It will begin with an introduction to architectural sketching, including techniques and observation skills. Next, the course will transition to a focus on orthographic projection, the most widely used form of drawing among architects. The course will the culminate with a final project synthesizing new representational techniques with familiar media choices and backgrounds. This course is specifically for students outside the field of architecture looking to build their own work with new visual acuity.
    Estimated Materials Cost: $50.00

    DEGREE PROJECT RESEARCH

    Serious research and a specific preparation begins in this course, forming the theoretical basis for the creative development of the Degree Project (Spring, 6 credits). This is a period in which the nature of the work is clarified, a process is developed, possibilities are examined, and research and information gathering completed. The research from this course acts as an armature, establishing the attitude, objectives, and significance of the thesis as an exploration of architectural ideas, and forming the underpinnings for the work of the coming semester. The result of this effort, begun in the fall with DP prep and completed in the spring, is gathered together and reflected in the DP Book as part of the requirements for completion of Degree Project. The work is reviewed at the end of Wintersession; satisfactory completion of this course is a prerequisite for the Degree Project in the Spring semester.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department; course not available via web registration
    Schedule to be determined with Advisor
    Permission of instructor required

    DIGITAL SENSE

    How can timeless human activities such as drawing and painting, relegated to the realm of the analogue, meaningfully engage 3D modeling platforms like Rhino/Grasshopper and contemporary output methods such as 3D printing? How can we learn to intuit in the realm of the virtual and what are the boundaries of this experience? This course will allow new ways of "seeing" and "feeling" and use a computational framework in the design process. Rather than take a conventional approach based on the technical aspects of a specific software program, students will be exposed to a rich diversity of potential work flows. The goal of this course is enhancing personal craft and technique through these digital tools while exploring new potential approaches to advanced technology. The explanation of textile structures and the architecture of cloth will serve as a starting point for ideas.

    Estimated Material Cost: TBD (base on Model Shop Fee Structure)
    Also offered as TEXT-4705. Register for course in which credit is desired.
    Open to Sophomore and Above.

    M.ARCH STUDIO

    Advanced Studio in Architecture.

    Section 01: Kyoto Japan A Collaged Reading of "The Water City"
    Trained collagists require the act of collage making to be contemplative, they know that there is something within the soul that longs to come forward, so they engage in collage making to advance it. To express this longing all the printed ephemera, forming the mirror world of modern existence, is mustered for use. Thousands of pictures of things varying in scale and perspective are conscripted to trigger trains of thoughts, comprehensible or not. Pictures are snipped without care for their actual context, and splicing together of this unique selection of things can begin. Acts are turned against pictorial depictions, recognizable or not. Things are done to pictures that have always wanted to be done but, because of circumstances, they never took place. Thendepending on the interest, skill, and dexterity, thoughts can be articulated. When the work is complete, a map of hunches exists and, due entirely to the act of making, the soul temporarily exorcised of what appeared to be coagulating within. Like all maps, collage can exist as a guide to what exists on the ground or it can prompt a new set of thoughts suggested by interconnections of terrain and cities. The activity of collage, like every visual activity, can profoundly alter the way things, places, and ideas are viewed." -(Ben Nicholson)

    Section 02 Paris, France Rural Architecture
    In a recent article titled "Architecture in the Country" Rem Koolhaas observes radical changes in the rural landscape which are equally as important but more volatile than changes happening within cities. He calls this new pattern of development "the intermediate - a well-manicured place where surface appearances bear almost no relation to what is actually happening on the land and in the buildings." Koolhaas attributes the transformation partially to the flight of the traditional farmer due to industrial and digital practices and also to the influx of urbanites who regularly visit to "sample" the aura of an authentic life. In addition, large-scale infrastructures have created zones of what biologist term "novel ecologies" where new combinations of flora and fauna co-exist. Koolhaas explains, "The countryside is now the frontline of transformation. A world formerly dictated by the seasons and the organization of agriculture is now a toxic mix of genetic experiment, science, industrial nostalgia, seasonal immigration, territorial buying sprees, massive subsidies, incidental inhabitation, tax incentives, investment, political turmoil. In other words, more volatile than the most accelerated city."
    Section 03:
    The studio will emphasize techniques and design solutions, both passive and active, that determine the energetic performance of building enclosures. Methods of energy, thermal, and moisture simulations for whole buildings and individual building components will be utilized. The design will be influenced by the results of these simulations through an iterative process. Students will have the option to choose an UNESCO World Heritage Site by which to situate their project. These sites offer opportunities and constraints for design including, but not limited to, natural phenomena, historical precedents, vernacular context, climate, and program requirements. All of these requirements will be synthesized into a small, energy efficient visitor center tailored to the chosen site.
    Section 04: Augmented Body
    Course is cross-listed as APPAR-3047-01. Please see APPAR-3047-01 course description.
    Please contact the Architecture Department via email at archdept@risd.edu for course description and to register.
    When space permits, this class may be available in a three credit version, ARCH W220, to undergraduates in majors outside of Architecture.

    Wintersession 2015 Estimated Travel Costs:
    Section 01 Kyoto, Japan $2,278.00
    Section 02 Paris, France $2,058.00

    MATERIAL POTENTIAL

    In this course we will research and discuss a variety of materials, their physical properties and their applications. Using furniture as our vehicle, we will explore how these materials might be utilized, beyond their original intent. We will also examine how the manipulation of these materials can create new ideas in furniture. In the first half of the course students will research, view, handle, and discuss a variety of materials. In the second half, students will model and construct, either a 1/4 scale model, or a full scale detail of a piece of furniture using a material selected from the research done in the first half of the course.

    MATH AND PHYSICS REVIEW

    This course is intended for architecture students to review and solidify the math and physics background needed to gain a good understanding of the required structural courses. Topics covered are designed to augment the fall Structural Analysis course and prepare students for easier learning in the upcoming spring's Wood Structures course. Problem sets, hands-on activities, and lectures will be tailored to the students' interests and review needs for better comprehension in future structures courses.
    Open to Graduate and Undergraduate Students

    SYSTEMIC SPACE: QUALITIES IN DIGITAL MODELING AND RENDERING

    This course is intended to give students an in depth experience of both the conceptual and practical skills of architectural 3D modeling and rendering with a focus on the discovery, creation, and exploitation of systemic relationships within both architecture and its representation. This course will operate upon two thesis; that space has inherent qualitites beyond the physical/formal, and that architectural representation itself can be analyzed tectonically. These premises will inform and serve as subtext to the studio assignments which will build upon one another as conceptual strategies and representation techniques are introduced, explored and applied. Explorations will culminate in an individual studio project comprised of drawings, digital, models, and other media.
    Estimated Material Costs: $150.00

    Spring 2015

    *SOUTH KOREA: SLICE OF LIFE STUDIO

    We will begin by mapping the districts then gathering these maps into a limited Atlas. Next we will slice through 2 blocks of the living city (i.e. in modern Seoul a city block, Gang Nam Gu Block is one square kilometer and in the University District the block is an irregular 250 meters square)we will cut a section slicing through the living city block (a block in Gang Nam Gu is one square kilometer), accepting all that it reveals, ". from spoons to city.." Le Corbusier, and we will use our vastly different disciplines to comment on and to work into the cuts at many scales and in many manners. By looking at and working with topography, image, infrastructure, housing, institutions, educational viewpoint, culinary opportunity, energy, seasons, objects, context, furniture, mechanism, language, typography, gender, custom, costume, fashion, fabric, zoology, statics, statistics, agriculture, families, elders, shoppers, music. we will give an understanding of what is there now, how it interconnects, what seems to work well and what might not; a kind of disassembly and reassembly of physical fabric, geography, history, an urban portrait. In collaboration with the Mayors office we will establish criteria that can be addressed by design. With all this knowledge the students will design an individual work relevant to time and place, an addition or alteration, and as a group organize these works into a cumulative project that comments on and contributes to these neighborhoods. Finally we will gather the individual work in public review and organize it into a celebratory group exhibition and collected narrative.
    The studio will be run with crits and pinups, invited outside critics for mid and final reviews and two exhibitions mid and final. The final project needs to be organized for publication. Students are expected to be at work each studio day and to attend all crits and reviews. Student critique is invited at reviews.
    Estimated Materials Cost: $750.00
    This 6 credit studio is part of a 12 credit semester abroad to Seoul, South Korea
    Open to Junior and above students from all departments
    Also offered as ARCH-21ST-03 for Architecture majors
    Off-Campus Study

    *SOUTH KOREA: SLICE OF LIFE: DWELLING, THINKING, MAKING - APPRENTICESHIP

    Our foreign graduates often return to their home countries spreading RISD culture and looking for ways to support and reconnect with RISD. Alumni around the world are creative and successful, capable, generous, in deep and complex discourse with their own culture, and ironically insightful. They are guides into their culture, friends who often reveal, interpret, mentor, and teach us to see their world and help us to participate and collaborate, to live, study and work abroad. In the APPRENTICE day students will be in active relationships with our alumni, the alumni in mentoring roles, taking our students deeply into their culture as apprentices. A critical component to the Program is the matching of Students to Korean alumni 'mentors (geniuses loci) ' as a way to bring profound depth to this locale and as a positive way of extending the dialogue between students, alums and faculty... In Seoul we have numerous talented and generous alums that are accomplished graduates from EVERY RISD Department.
    The first two weeks after we arrive there will be gatherings on Friday of Alumni, who will explain their work and invite the students to join them in a shared project. Student will be required to keep a CONTEMPORARY PRACTICE WORKBOOK of the , what ideas and practices emerge, what concepts are explained, techniques acquired, skills revealed, sources, recipes, ingredients.. This will be included as part of the Shared Project and final report.
    > This 3 credit workshop is part of a 12 credit semester abroad to Seoul, South Korea
    Open to Junior and above students from all departments
    Off-Campus Study

    *SOUTH KOREA: SLICE OF LIFE: DWELLING, THINKING, MAKING - CULTURE AND ARTIFACT

    Professor Younghoon Kim, chair of Korean Studies at Ewha, Director of Ewha's Korean Cultural Studies Research Center and a visual anthropologist will contribute the Seminar to the "Slice of Life" program. The Seminar course is a survey of Modern Korean Culture as influenced by Korean Tradition, China, Japan, US and modern developments. This would be a lecture /site visit course using Seoul as the main subject. Students would be expected to attend weekly 3 hour class, follow reading and film syllabus, engage in a research project, presentation and documentation of research, midterm and final. Documentation to be organized for publication. This is a 3 credit course at Ehwa taught in English open to all our RISD students and Ewha Students. It has been pre approved by Liberal Arts and the Registrar and will count as 3 HPPS or LAEL Credits.
    This 6 credit studio is part of a 12 credit semester abroad to Seoul, South Korea
    Open to Junior and above students from all departments
    Off-Campus Study

    A MATERIAL IMAGINATION OF THE SOCIAL CONTRACT

    The seminar is grounded in the idea that the poetic and material imagination, inherent to the arts, affords us unique means of engaging the world and making a contribution. A series of discussions focus on the mechanisms and instruments of capital exchange including debt, equity, and compound interest, incorporation, and insurance. We explore the ontological impact of these instruments on our perception of time and space as well as the broader social issues of the capital markets as modes of resource distribution. Discussions cover a large arc including:

    . Focus on words: exploring the links between language, individual agency, and collective judgment.
    . Focus on Space: examining many forms of exchange that occur between our spaces; the capacity of our interior thoughts to construct literate spaces; and spaces of participation inseparable from our memory and imagination.
    . Focus on links between: time, promises, words, space, empathy, ethics, and the creative disciplines and their social contracts.

    Ultimately, the course explores the precisions of the poetic/material imagination as the most pragmatic means to address our social and political lives.
    Open to Graduate students

    ADVANCED STUDIO

    These studios, three of which are required for graduation, are offered by individual instructors to students who have successfully completed the core curriculum. They are assigned by lottery on the first day of classes. Once assigned to an advanced studio, a student may not drop studio.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department, course not available via web registration
    Fee: Some advanced studio sections have a fee for course supplies or field trips. The fee is announced during the registration lottery held in the Department.

    ARCHITECTURAL ANALYSIS

    This course will develop one's ability to critically read and understand architecture through formal, geometric, tectonic and spatial analytic processes. Analysis acts as an intermediary between observation, expression, and understanding, offering deep insights into works of architecture. The course builds upon the processes introduced in Architectural Projection. Through various conceptual and representational frameworks, the issues of mapping-layers. Point of view, scale, morphology, topography and tectonics will be explored as part of a larger creative process, embracing visual imagination, communication and critique.

    Estimated Material Cost: $50.00
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department, course not available via web registration

    ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

    Design principles presented in the first semester are further developed through a series of projects involving actual sites with their concomitant physical and historic-cultural conditions. Issues of context, methodology, program and construction are explored for their possible interrelated meanings and influences on the making of architectural form.
    Estimated Cost of Materials: $55.00
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department.
    Course not available via web registration.

    CODING ARCHITECTURE

    This seminar addresses ideas, theories, and practices relating to computation in architecture and design. The course begins with the roots of computation long before the "personal computer" was conceived. The emphasis then shifts toward the present and a study of the canonical written contributions by design computation theorists and researchers (Knight, McCullough, Mitchell, Negroponte, Stiny, and others) as well related architectural, artistic, philosophical, and epistemological positions (Dewey, Evans, Klee, Lynn, Petherbridge, Schon, and others). In addition to reading and writing, the course is peppered with computational instruction so that students can confront and explore computation as makers as well as theorists. The seminar oscillates between reading/writing one week, then projecting the following week. Reading/writing weeks task students with a close reading of two texts and the composition of a written, critical, and analytic response. Project weeks follow, and call upon students to conceive, execute, and document a related experiment, prototype, or work of art.
    Open to Junior and above
    Major elective,open to non-majors and Brown students by permission

    CONCRETE STRUCTURES

    This course reviews the fundamentals of concrete and masonry in architecture with a focus on materials, structural analysis and design. The analysis and design includes concrete structures, reinforced and pre-stressed concrete members, concrete foundations and reinforced masonry. The student will proportion concrete and masonry structures using ultimate strength design. The longer class time on Tuesday allows students to design, make a concrete mix and create a concrete object. By the end of the course, the students will be able to design and detail simple concrete and masonry systems such as footings, basement walls, beams and slabs; proportion these systems to resist the moment and shear demands determined through structural analysis; develop an understanding of proper detailing of architectural concrete and masonry veneers by understanding thermal movements, waterproofing, and construction techniques.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department.
    Course not available via web registration.

    DEGREE PROJECT

    Under the supervision of a faculty advisor, students are responsible for the preparation and completion of an independent thesis project.
    Prerequisites: One of the degree project seminars. See footnotes on the curriculum sheet for a list of these classes or read the course descriptions in the "History and Theory" section which follows.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department, course not available via web registration
    Permission for this class is based on the student's overall academic record as well as their performance in Wintersession Degree Project Research. If the department recommends against a student undertaking the degree project, two advanced elective studios must be taken instead.

    ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN II

    This equally distributed three part course will continue with the principles from "Physics", the application of electric energy, lighting and sound to building environs. Building technology continues to demand a larger percentage of the building's budget and thus should receive a greater degree of time and understanding by the Architect. Topics and principles to be included are: electronic generation, distribution, and building systems; electronic and communication systems; lighting fundamentals, design and control; and enviro-acoustical fundamentals, sound transmission, amplification, and absorption principles.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only
    Registration by Architecture department.
    Course not available via web registration.

    MODERN ARCHITECTURE

    The course will focus on the diverse new roles encountered by the architect in the 20th century: form maker, administrator of urban development, social theorist, cultural interpreter, ideologue. Emphasis will be placed upon the increasing interdependence of architecture and the city, and the recurrent conflicts between mind and hand, modernity and locality, expressionism and universality.
    Major requirementfor Architecture majors
    Art History credit for Architecture majors
    Liberal Arts elective credit for nonmajors on a space available basis.

    PRINCIPLES OF PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE

    This is a course about becoming a licensed architect, a business professional and an active, engaged and responsible citizen. It is intended to help prepare students for the challenges and opportunities confronted by a life in Architecture. Lectures are organized around four themes: The architect as a trained and certified "Professional" in traditional and alternative careers; the architect as an operative in the world of business and commerce; the origins of architectural projects; and the detailed work performed through professional Architectural Contracts. Regular panels, composed of RISD alums and other allied professionals provide an external perspective on all elements of the course, and allow students the opportunity to direct discussion in ways appropriate to their needs.
    Major requirement; ARCH majors only.
    Registration by Architecture department.
    Course not available via web registration.

    SYNAGOGUES,CHURCHES,MOSQUES

    This course will focus on architectural buildings and remains of synagogues, churches, and mosques in Palestine from antiquity (the sixth century BCE) through the end of the Ottoman period (1917). Beyond the physical components of the houses of worship, and dealing with architectural, technological, and iconographic matters, we will investigate the spiritual and religious characteristics of the relevant structures. One of the goals will be to examine how these institutions influenced each other throughout the history of their architectural development.
    Students interested in this course must register for ARTH-H652 under the subject of History of Art and Visual Culture

    WOOD STRUCTURES

    This course will review the fundamentals of wood in architecture with a focus on wood materials and construction systems and lumber and timber structural analysis and design. Work includes timber systems consisting of conventional framing trusses, laminates, built-up sections and connections. In addition, this course will review the principles of structural loads; gravity, lateral, live and dead. The concept of lateral resistance through standard wood framing systems will be explored. Manufactured lumber has become a major part of today's wood construction industry and the design and detailing of these materials will be explored in depth. By the end of the course, students will be aware of the role of wood materials in architectural design and construction and be able to design and detail simple Lumber and Timber structural systems. They will be able to proportion these systems to resist the moment and shear demands determined through structural analysis. This course will provide the student with a good understanding of the material and the common structural and architectural systems used in today's practice.
    Major Requirement: ARCH majors only.
    Registration by the Architecture Department.
    Course not available via web registration